Why do ranges vary?
The respective range of an electric vehicle depends on various factors, such as driving style, track conditions, vehicle equipment, weather conditions and payload.
What does this mean in detail?
High average speeds (as on the highway) reduce the range the most, while lower urban traffic speeds and increased recuperation increase range (as opposed to vehicles with internal combustion engines). In addition, the range is reduced at low temperatures due to heating and high temperatures due to air conditioning. In terms of optional equipment, the choice of larger tyre combinations usually also reduces the range (if the aerodynamic disadvantage is not compensated by a more closed wheel design). The rolling resistance class of the tyres is also relevant for the range, for example by using a winter tyre compared to a Label-A summer tyre.
General range information and values in this indicator
The range communicated in the model selection is based on the Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) test cycle.
WLTP allows the range to be calculated taking into account pre-defined driving conditions. WLTP assumes a defensive driving style with a mix of city roads, country roads and motorways.
The range display allows you to estimate the range under the typical driving conditions. The outer circle represents the calculated range value based on linear distances (not the actual road map), while the inner circle displays the calculated value of -30% to account for the real distances.
What are the assumptions behind the Settings about driving style?
The "highway" setting assumes that you are travelling exclusively on the highway – with an average speed of approx. 130 km/h and a dynamic overtaking style. The "overland" setting assumes a defensive driving style on country roads with an average speed of approx. 80 km/h. Settings in between result in a mixture of both.